for bad bots

Cleve Gray

BIOGRAPHY

1918-2004

Cleve Gray was an American Abstract expressionist painter, who was also associated with Color Field painting and Lyrical Abstraction.

Gray went to school in New York City and then Massachusetts, where he studied art at both schools. He went on to attend Princeton University. 

Shortly after graduating from Princeton with degrees in Art and Archeology, Gray started his Army experience, which influenced his creativity and artistic quest. His former focus on landscape and still life shifted dramatically towards purified forms and abstraction. While serving in Europe during World War II, he met up with Picasso and close followers of Marcel Duchamp. During that time Gray underwent informal art training with some of the major avant garde leaders in Paris. His great contemporaries as well as strong anti-war sentiments conceived during that period continued to affect his work throughout the Vietnam War (“Threnody” series) and later.

Cleve Gray’s work can be found in all major museums including The Metropolitan Museum of Art, The Smithsonian Institute and The Brooklyn Museum.

Cleve Gray passed away in 2004.

EDUCATION:
1924-32, Ethical Culture School in New York City, NY
1929-33, Formal Training at New York with Antonia Nell, Studied with George Bellows 
1933-36, Phillips Academy, Andover, Massachusetts; studies painting with Bartlett Hayes & wins the Samuel F. B. Morse Prize for most promising art student. 
1936-40, Princeton University, summa cum laude, with BA in Art and Archaeology. Studies painting with James C. Davis and Far Eastern Art with George Rowley, for whom he writes his thesis on Yuan dynasty landscape painting.
1943-46, Paris, studies informally with André Lhote and Jacques Villon
1961, Pratt Graphic Art Institute, New York
1963, Oklahoma Art Center, Oklahoma City, under auspices of Ford Foundation Program, Artist-in-Residence
1970, Honolulu Academy of Art, Artist-in-Residence, HA
1980-87, American Academy, Rome, Artist-in-Residence
1992, University of Hartford, West Hartford, CT, Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts Degree

SOLO EXHIBITIONS:
1973, Sneed Hillman Gallery, Rockford, IL
1970, Sneed Hillman Gallery, Rockford, IL
1970, Cleve Gray: Prints and Drawings, The Graphics Gallery, San Francisco, CA
1967, Ceres Series, Saidenberg Gallery, New York, NY
1964, Recent Paintings, Staempfli Gallery, New York, NY
1963, Jerrold Morris International Gallery, Toronto, Canada
1963, Galeria Grattacielo, Milan, Italy
1963, Cleve Gray, Solo Gallery, Richmond, VA
1958, Cleve Gray, Solo Gallery, Richmond, VA
1957, Philadelphia Art Alliance, Philadelphia, PA

EXHIBITIONS:
1998, Butler Institute, Youngstown, Ohio
1998, The Colby College Museum of Art, Waterville, ME
1996, The Eumenides Series, Berry-Hill Gallery, New York, NY
1996, Cleve Gray: The Art of Memory-Threnody; Zen Gardens Series; In Prague Series, Neuberger Museum of Art, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
1996, Threnody, Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
1995, Cleve Gray: Romantic/Modern, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT
1994, Neuberger Museum,
1992-1993, Threnody, Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
1991, Cleve Gray: New Work, Berry-Hill Gallery, New York, NY
1991, Eva Cohon Gallery, Chicago, IL
1991, Cleve Gray, Highland Park, Chicago, IL
1990, Cathedral of St. John the Divine, New York, NY
1990, Cleve Gray: The Painted Line, Berry-Hill Gallery, New York, NY
1990, Cleve Gray: The Painted Line, Mattatuck Museum, Waterbury, CT
1990, Cleve Gray Paintings: 1980-1990, Central Connecticut State University, Samuel S. T. Chen Art Center, New Britain, CT
1989, Enter-Entrance-Exit,Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, CT
1989, Paris-New York—Kent Gallery, Kent, CT
1989, Barnard Collects: The Educated Eye, Salander-O'Reilly Galleries, New York, NY
1989, The Connecticut Biennial, The Bruce Museum, Greenwich, CT
1988, Cleve Gray: A Decade of Work 1977-1987, The Art Guild, Farmington, CT
1988, BachelierCardonsky Gallery, Kent, CT
1987, Paul Mellon Arts Center, Choate Rosemary Hall School, Wallingford, CT
1987, Cleve Gray Works on Paper: 1940-1986, Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY
1987, Cleve Gray Works on Paper: 1940-1986, New Britain Museum of American Art, New Britain, CT
1987, Cleve Gray: Recent Paintings, Duke University Museum of Art, Durham, NC
1987, A Contemporary View of Nature, Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, CT
1987, Roman Walls, Virginia Lynch Gallery, Tiverton, RI
1987, Westport Arts Center, Westport, CT
1987, Threnody, Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
1986, Cleve Gray: A Small Retrospective 1934-1986, Armstrong Gallery, New York, NY
1986, Resurrection Series, Armstrong Gallery, New York, NY
1986, Resurrection Series, Benjamin Mangel Gallery, Philadelphia, PA
1986, Roman Walls, Paris-New York-Kent Gallery, Kent, CT
1986, Connecticut Masters, Mattatuck Museum, Waterbury, CT
1986, Jewish Themes/Contemporary American Artists, The Jewish Museum, New York, NY
1986, 50 Works: Selections from the E. F. Hutton Collection (In Prague #22), Metropolitan Museum and Art Center, Coral Gables, FL
1986, Cleve Gray: Zen Gardens, Fairweather Hardin Gallery, Chicago, IL
1984, Amstrong Gallery, New York, (1983 & 1987), Prague
1984, From the East: Eastern Influence on Western Artists, Fairweather Hardin Gallery, Chicago, IL
1984, Griffin-Hailer Gallery, Washington Depot, CT
1984, Cleve Gray, Gallery Two Nine One, Atlanta, GA
1984, Cleve Gray: Zen Gardens, Fairweather Hardin Gallery, Chicago, IL
1984, Cleve Gray: There Series, Robert L. Kidd Associates/Galleries, Birmingham, MI
1984, Threnody, Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
1983, Annual Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1983, Benjamin Mangel Gallery, Philadelphia, PA
1983, Ten by Cleve Gray—Lithographs, G. Fox, Hartford, CT
1983, Silvermine '83, Silvermine Guild Center for the Arts, New Canaan, CT
1983, Threnody, Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
1983, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY
1982, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY
1982, Washington Art Association, Washington Depot, CT
1981, Michael H. Lord Gallery 700, Milwaukee, WI
1981, Classic Americans: XX Century Painters and Sculptors, Stamford Museum and Nature Center, Stamford, CT
1981, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY
1980, Roman Walls, American Academy, Rome, Italy
1980, Roman Walls, Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela
1980, Irving Galleries, Palm Beach, FL
1980, Arte Americana Contemporanea, Commune di Udine, Civici Musei e Gallerie di Storia e Arte,
1980, Cleve Gray, Yale Divinity School, New Haven, CT
1980, Painting and Sculpture Today, Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, IN
1979, Mattatuck Museum, Waterbury, CT
1979, Otis Art Institute of Parsons School of Design, Los Angeles, CA
1979, Parsons School of Design, New York, NY
1979, 20th Anniversary Exhibition, Sneed Gallery, Rockford, IL
1979, Works on Paper U.S.A., Rockland Center for the Arts, Rockland, ME
1979, Threnody, Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
1978, Sacred Images: East and West, Cathedral Museum of Art, Cathedral of St. John the Divine, New York, NY
1978, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY
1977, Cleve Gray: Paintings 1966-1977, Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
1977, Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI
1977, Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, OH
1977, Krannert Art Museum, Champaign, IL
1977, New Acquisitions, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
1976, Arte Americana Contemporana, American Embassy, Bucharest, Rumania
1976, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY
1975, Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
1973-1976, Threnody, Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
1973, Nine Connecticut Artists, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT
1973, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY
1972, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY
1972, European and American Art from the Princeton Collections, The Art Museum, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
1971, Lithographias de Ia Coleccidn Mourlot, Museo Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico
1971-1972, Drawings USA/71, Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul, MN
1971, Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu, HI
1970, Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu, HI
1969, Loan Exhibition of Contemporary American Painting, Phillips Collection, Washington D.C.
1969, Reductive Vision, Betty Parsons Gallery, New York, NY
1969, American Painting and Sculpture: 1948-1969, Krannert Art Museum, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL
1969, Seven Decades-Seven Alumni of Phillips Academy, Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA
1968, Drawings USA, The Art Center in Hargate, St. Paul's School, Concord, NH
1967, National Lithography Exhibition, Florida State University Art Gallery, Tallahassee, FL
1967, Selections 1967, University Art Museum, Berkeley, CA
1966, Recent Still Lifes, Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI
1961, 61st Annual Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
1965, American Drawing Biennial, Norfolk Museum of Arts and Sciences, Norfolk, VA
1965, Annual Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1964, Friends Collect, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1964, New England Art: Prints, De Cordova and Dana Museum, Lincoln, MA
1964, New England Regional Drawing Exhibition, Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, MA
1964, 159th Annual Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
1964, Drawings USA, The Art Center in Hargate, St. Paul's School, Concord, NH
1963, Annual Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1963, Response, The Art Museum, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
1963, Arte de America y España, Instituto de Cultura Hispanica, Madrid, Spain
1963, 21st Biennial Exhibition, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
1962, Staempfli Gallery, New York, NY
1962, Art of the Americas, Trabia Morris Gallery, New York, NY
1962, 157th Annual Exhibition, Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
1961, 21st Biennial Exhibition, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
1961, Galerie Internationale, Washington, D.C.
1961, Abstract Expressionists and Imagists, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
1961, 6th International Art Exhibition, Tokyo, Japan
1961, Contemporary Drawings, John Herron Art Institute, Indianapolis, IN
1961, Drawings USA, The Art Center in Hargate, St. Paul's School, Concord, NH
1960, Eight from Connecticut, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT
1960, 1st Biennial Exhibition, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI
1959, Contemporary American Painting and Sculpture, Krannert Art Museum, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL
1959, Jacques Seligmann Gallery, New York, NY
1958, 1st Biennial Exhibition, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, MI
1957, 20th Century Works of Art, Krannert Art Museum, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL
1957, Jacques Seligmann Gallery, New York, NY
1955, Italy Rediscovered, Munson-Williams-Proctor Institute, Utica, NY
1955, 21st Biennial Exhibition, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
1954, Steel, Iron, Men, Birmingham Museum of Art, Birmingham, AL
1954, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, VA
1954, American Paintings 1954, Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, IO
1954, 62nd Annual Exhibition, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE
1954, Jacques Seligmann Gallery, New York, NY
1953, 62nd Annual Exhibition, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE
1952, 62nd Annual Exhibition, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE
1951, International Watercolor Exhibition, Brooklyn Museum, New York, NY
1951, Young Painters U.S.A., Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
1951, The City by the River and the Sea, Dayton Art Institute, Dayton, OH
1951, Contemporary American Painting, Krannert Art Museum, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL
1950, Young American Painters, Metropolitan Museum of A, New York, NY
1950, Works by Cleve Gray: American Artist, Duke University, Durham, NC
1949, Jacques Seligmann Gallery, New York, NY
1949, 21st Biennial Exhibition, Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington. D.C.
1949, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1948, London Ruins, Jacques Seligmann Gallery, New York, NY
1948, 58th Annual Exhibition, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL
1948, Biennial Exhibition, Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, MA
1946-1947, Annual Exhibition, Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
1946-1947, Paintings of the Year, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
1946-1947, Abstract and Surrealist American Art - 34th Annual, Toledo Museum of Art, Toledo, OH
1946-1947, Eighteen Young American Painters, Research Studio, Maitland, FL
1943-1946, Galerie Durand-Ruel, American Painters, Paris, France
1942, Alfred Messer Studio Gallery, Tucson, AZ

PUBLIC COLLECTIONS:
Addison Gallery of American Art, Phillips Academy, Andover, MA
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY
The Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn, NY
Cathedral of Saint John the Divine Art Gallery, New York, NY
Colby College Museum of Art, Waterville, ME
Columbia University Art Gallery, New York, NY
Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, OH
The Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Grey Art Gallery and Study Center, New York University, New York, NY
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, NY
Heckscher Museum, Huntington, New York, NY
Honolulu Academy of the Arts, Honolulu, HI
The Jewish Museum, New York, NY
Krannert Art Museum, University of Illinois, Champaign, IL
Mattatuck Museum, Waterbury, CT
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY
Minnesota Museum of Art, St. Paul, MI
Museum of Art, Rhode Island School of Design, Providence, RI
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, MA
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, TX
The Museum of Modern Art, New York, NY
National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
The Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
New Britain Museum of American Art, New Britain, CT
The Newark Museum, Newark, NJ
Norton Gallery of Art, West Palm Beach, FL
Oklahoma City Art Center, Oklahoma City, OK
The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.
The Art Museum, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ
Rose Art Museum, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
Shearson Lehman Hutton Collection, New York, NY
Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, NE
Shite Museum of Art, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN
Tennessee Botanical Gardens and Fine Arts Center, Nashville, TN
Union Station, Hartford, CT
Vanderbilt Art Gallery, Nashville, TN
The Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT
Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY
Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, MA
Yale University Art Gallery, New Haven, CT
Willard Gibbs Research Laboratory, Yale University, New Haven, CT

MEMBERSHIPS:
1968-1997, Honorary Trustee, Rhode Island School of Design
1977-1982, Commissioner on the Connecticut Commission for the Arts
1976-1978, Board of Trustees, Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, CT
1970-1975, Board of Trustees, New York School of Drawing, Painting, and Sculpture
Elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters

AWARDS:
1987, Governor’s Connecticut Art Award
1958,60,62,64, University of Illinois Purchase Award, 146th Annual Exhibition Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, PA
1946-47, New York Times critic Edward Alden Jewell picks Gray’s painting London Ruins #1 for Critic’s Choice exhibition at Grand Central Art Gallery, New York City

TEACHING:
1971, American Academy, Visiting Scholar, Rome, Italy

PUBLICATIONS:
1998, Harry N. Abrams, Cleve Gray, with text by Nicholas Fox Weber
1971, Edits Hans Richter by Hans Richter, Holt, Rinehart & Winston
1970, Edits John Marin by John Marin, Holt, Rinehart & Winston,
1968, Edits David Smith by David Smith, published by Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1968, reprinted by Thames & Hudson
1960, Contributing editor of Art in America

ACHIEVEMENTS:
1962, Completes Reverend Quan Duc, first artistic response to the crisis in Vietnam
1962, Completes Oklahoma, acquired by The New School of Social Research, New York, where it is later accidentally destroyed
1961, Ford Foundation Purchase

COMMISSIONS AND PURCHASES:
1997, Residential building, Dallas, TX
1988, Cataract #2 (1984) purchased by United Technologies Corporation, Bradley International Airport, Windsor Locks, CT
1988, Outdoor Art Station Competition, Union Station
The 636-foot-long mural in porcelain enamel tile, entitled Movement in Space, is installed on the terminal facade in September. , Hartford, CT
1972, Bryan Robertson, director of the Neuberger Museum, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
St. James Episcopal Church
The Art Museum, Princeton University, For thirtieth reunion of the class of 1940 holds a retrospective dedicated by Gray to the students killed at Kent State University., Farmington, CT